How to improve issuing, transfusion and follow-up of blood components in Southern and Eastern Mediterranean countries? A benchmark assessment

Published:November 24, 2022DOI:


      To determine the existence of guidelines regarding the appropriate clinical use of blood and blood components, transfusion requests, and blood issuing/reception documents and procedures. The different bedside transfusion organizations/processes and hemovigilance are also analyzed. The ultimate objective is to identify safe potential options in order to improve blood safety at the lowest cost. Data emanating from eight Arabic eastern/southern Mediterranean countries who responded to five surveys were collected and tabulated. National recommendations for the clinical use of blood components especially for hemoglobinopathies are lacking in some countries. In matter of good practices in the prescription, issuing and reception of BCs, efforts were made either on national or local basis. Procedures regarding patient information and ethical issues are still lacking. Almost all Mediterranean countries apply two blood testing procedures on each patient sample. Only Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria perform bed side blood group testing; Egypt and Lebanon perform antibody screen and antiglobulin cross matching universally. Automation for blood testing is insufficiently implemented in almost all countries and electronic release is almost absent. National hemovigilance policy is implemented in Tunisia, Morocco, and Lebanon but the reporting system remains inoperative. Insufficient resources severely hinders the implementation of expensive procedures and programs; however, the present work identifies safe procedures that might save resources to improve other parts in the transfusion process (e.g. electronic release to improve safety in issuing). Moreover, setting up regulations regarding ethics in transfusing recipients along with local transfusion committees are crucially needed to implement hemovigilance in transfusion practice.
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