To evaluate the association between plasma transfusion and bleeding complications in critically ill patients with an elevated international normalized ratios undergoing invasive procedures.
A retrospective study was conducted to evaluate a consecutive sample of critically ill adult patients undergoing invasive procedures (N = 487) with an international normalized ratio ≥ 1.5 between January 1, 2019 and December 31, 2019. Among the followed patients, 125 were excluded due to incomplete case records and 362 were finally included in this investigation. The exposure was whether plasma had been transfused within 24 h before the invasive procedure. The primary outcome was the occurrence of postprocedural bleeding complications. Secondary outcomes included transfusion of red blood cells within 24 h of the invasive procedure, and additional patient-important outcomes such as mortality and length of stay. Tests were performed with univariate and propensity-matched analyses.
Of the 362 study participants, 99 (27.3 %) received a preprocedural plasma transfusion. In the propensity score-matched analysis, the rate of the occurrence of postprocedural bleeding complications between two groups was not statistically different (OR, 0.605[95 % CI, 0.341–1.071]; P = .085). The rate of postoperative red blood cell transfusion in the plasma transfusion group was higher than that in the non-plasma transfusion group (35.5 % vs 21.5 %; P < .05). No statistically significant difference in mortality was observed between the two groups (29.0 % vs 31.6 %; P = .101).
Prophylactic plasma transfusion failed to reduce postprocedural bleeding complications in ill critically patients with a coagulopathy. Meanwhile, it was associated with increased red blood cell transfusion after invasive procedures. Findings suggest that abnormal preprocedural international normalized ratios should be managed more conservatively.
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Published online: March 11, 2023
Accepted: March 10, 2023
Received in revised form: March 2, 2023
Received: September 2, 2022
Publication stageIn Press Journal Pre-Proof
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